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Chi Gung, Qigong, Qi Gong, Ch'i Kung,
Chi Kung all mean the same thing - life energy work. They
are all a way to try and write Chinese in roman text.
The three main ways to represent the
Chinese characters for this ancient practice in roman text
are: Pinyin = Qigong, Wade-Giles = ch'i kung and Yale =
Developed in the 1950s, Pinyin (Qigong)
has now been adopted by both China and Taiwan, as well as
the ISO (International Organization for Standardization)
to write Mandarin in roman text.
The Wade-Giles (ch'i kung) system was
developed by Thomas Wade in the mid 19th century and
further refined in the early 20th century by Herbert and
Lionel Giles. It has largely been replaced by the Pinyin
system except in older documents, especially in Taiwan,
where Pinyin was not officially adopted until 2008.
The Yale (chi gung) system was
developed in 1943 as a simple and easy to teach system for
the American military. It used the spelling of the word in
English to assist the user in making the correct Chinese
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